If you want to locate a soldier by name, please use the search form available at the web site of the Illinois State Archives.
Please read the Introductory material provided by the Illinois State Archives. This provides additional information that will be of interest to you and explains how you may obtain more information. I cannot provide the additional information, you must contact the Archives. Also, I cannot correct what you believe to be "errors" in the database. If you would like the spelling of a name corrected, you need to place your request with the Archives. If you send a request for a change in the spelling of a name in the database to me using the address at the bottom of the page, you will not receive a response.
Have other questions about the database? View some Helpful Hints.
2. How do I locate the residence on a map?
ART = Artillery
CAV = Cavalry
CON = Consolidated (e.g. 14 INF CON)
HQ = Headquarters
INF = Infantry
USC = US Colored (e.g. 29 USC INF)
The residences reflect Illinois of the 1860's. Many of the residences are cities or towns which exist today. Others are names of townships or defunct communities which are difficult or impossible to locate on a current map. You should also keep in mind that the names may not have been unique. For example, there may have been several communities called Spring Creek.3. I know my soldier served in Illinois. Why don't I find his name?
Two useful resources:
a. The USGS Geographic Names Database is a helpful tool. The database includes names of towns, townships, lakes, churches, cemeteries, etc. Enter the residence in the blank "Feature Name" and enter ". The results of the search give the name of the county, as well as the type of geographic feature named.
b. Determine where your soldier's regiment was recruited. Many from the same unit resided in the same community. Search County of Recruitment
The short answer is that many people couldn't spell. In the 1860's, many names were written by the way they sounded. And some of the soldiers could not spell or write their own names. So you should be creative. For example, if you're looking for "Looney", try "Luney". Also keep in mind that the use of middle names was common at the time. You may find the man you know as Cunningham Simpson listed under his given name of James C. Simpson.
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